Niacinamide – Lightening agent that inhibits the transfer of melanosomes. It is also known as Vitamin B3 or Vitamin PP and helps to decrease the appearance of skin redness.
Retinol – Anti-ageing agent that boosts collagen production to combat signs of photoaging and improves the skin texture.
Salicylic and Mandelic Acids – BHA and AHA that reduce intercorneocyte cohesion by destroying lipids that bind the outer cells of the epidermis with their keratolytic properties.
Phytic Acid – Lightening and antioxidant AHA that has a synergic action to brighten the complexion when used with glycolic acid.
Licorice extract – Lightening agent that regulates the dispersion of melanin (agent responsible for pigment spots) to help homogenise complexion.